Poor diet is a factor in one in five deaths, global disease study reveals

Study compiling data from every country finds people are living longer but millions are eating wrong foods for their health

Poor diet is a factor in one in five deaths around the world, according to the most comprehensive study ever carried out on the subject.

Millions of people are eating the wrong sorts of food for good health. Eating a diet that is low in whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds and fish oils and high in salt raises the risk of an early death, according to the huge and ongoing study Global Burden of Disease.

The study, based at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, compiles data from every country in the world and makes informed estimates where there are gaps. Five papers on life expectancy and the causes and risk factors of death and ill health have been published by the Lancet medical journal.

It finds that people are living longer. Life expectancy in 2016 worldwide was 75.3 years for women and 69.8 for men. Japan has the highest life expectancy at 84 years and the Central African Republic has the lowest at just over 50. In the UK, life expectancy for a man born in 2016 is 79, and for a woman 82.9.

Diet is the second highest risk factor for early death after smoking. Other high risks are high blood glucose which can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, high body mass index (BMI) which is a measure of obesity, and high total cholesterol. All of these can be related to eating the wrong foods, although there are also other causes.

causes of death graphic

This is really large, Dr Christopher Murray, IHMEs director, told the Guardian. It is amongst the really big problems in the world. It is a cluster that is getting worse. While obesity gets attention, he was not sure policymakers were as focused on the area of diet and health as they needed to be. That constellation is a really, really big challenge for health and health systems, he said.

The problem is often seen as the spread of western diets, taking over from traditional foods in the developing world. But it is not that simple, says Murray. Take fruit. It has lots of health benefits but only very wealthy people eat a lot of fruit, with some exceptions.

Sugary drinks are harmful to health but eating a lot of red meat, the study finds, is not as big a risk to health as failing to eat whole grains. We need to look really carefully at what are the healthy compounds in diets that provide protection, he said.

undernourishment graphic

Prof John Newton, director of health improvement at Public Health England, said the studies show how quickly diet and obesity-related disease is spreading around the world. I dont think people realise how quickly the focus is shifting towards non-communicable disease [such as cancer, heart disease and stroke] and diseases that come with development, in particular related to poor diet. The numbers are quite shocking in my view, he said.

The UK tracks childhood obesity through the school measurement programme and has brought in measures to try to tackle it. But no country in the world has been able to solve the problem and it is a concern that we really need to think about tackling globally, he said.

Today, 72% of deaths are from non-communicable diseases for which obesity and diet are among the risk factors, with ischaemic heart disease as the leading cause worldwide of early deaths, including in the UK. Lung cancer, stroke, lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder) and Alzheimers are the other main causes in the UK.

The success story is children under five. In 2016, for the first time in modern history, fewer than 5 million children under five died in one year a significant fall compared with 1990, when 11 million died. Increased education for women, less poverty, having fewer children, vaccinations, anti-malaria bed-nets, improved water and sanitation are among the changes in low-income countries that have brought the death rate down, thanks to development aid.

People are living longer but spending more years in ill health. Obesity is one of the major reasons. More than a billion people worldwide are living with mental health and substance misuse disorders. Depression features in the top 10 causes of ill health in all but four countries.

Our findings indicate people are living longer and, over the past decade, we identified substantial progress in driving down death rates from some of the worlds most pernicious diseases and conditions, such as under age-five mortality and malaria, said Murray Yet, despite this progress, we are facing a triad of trouble holding back many nations and communities obesity, conflict, and mental illness, including substance use disorders.

In the UK, the concern is particularly about the increase in ill-health that prevents people from working or having a fulfilling life, said Newton. A man in the UK born in 2016 can expect only 69 years in good health and a woman 71 years.

This is yet another reminder that while were living longer, much of that extra time is spent in ill-health. It underlines the importance of preventing the conditions that keep people out of work and put their long term health in jeopardy, like musculoskeletal problems, poor hearing and mental ill health. Our priority is to help people, including during the crucial early years of life and in middle age, to give them the best chance of a long and healthy later life, he said.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/sep/14/poor-diet-is-a-factor-in-one-in-five-deaths-global-disease-study-reveals

Jimmy Kimmel delivers heart wrenching monologue about newborn son’s live-saving surgery

Jimmy Kimmel returned to television after a week off the air, and in aheartfeltand tear-filled monologue, shared the story of his sons birth and his life-threatening health scare.

Kimmel was close to tears before he started, so he assured viewers that this story had a happy ending. He and his wife Molly welcomed a boy, whom they named William (but that theyre calling Billy), and for the first few hours everything seemed OK. Once a nurse noticed that Billys face was purple, she alerted other doctors, who discovered that Billy had a congenital heart disease.

Billy was born with a blocked pulmonary valve and he has a hole in the wall between his left and right sides of his heart. He was transferred to Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, and at three days old, Billy underwent emergency open heart surgery to repair one of the holes. After, as Kimmel put it, the longest three hours of my life, the surgery was a complete success.

Hell have to have another open-heart surgery in 3-6 months to close those holes, but they want to wait until hes bigger, Kimmel said. And then hell have to have a third, hopefully noninvasive surgery when hes older.

Kimmel and his wife were able to take Billy home, where hes doing the things any baby would. Recognizing the platform he has, he thanked every single nurse and doctor at Cedars-Sinai and Childrens Hospital who helped save Billys life by name, thanked his friends and family who were nothing but supportive during this crisisyes, even Matt Damonand alerted his audience to the incredible work Childrens Hospital does for children and their families. He already donated to Children’s Hospital but didn’t think he would ever need to go there.

Toward the end Kimmel acknowledged the political fight over healthcare access after thanking his congressman for agreeing to increase funds for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the federal budget. Donald Trump wanted to cut NIH funds, which would affect places like Childrens Hospital. And until a few years ago, children like his son might have never had access to health insurance because they happened to be born with a preexisting condition like a congenital heart defect. Or, the child might not have lived long enough to be denied because their parents didnt have health insurance.

If your baby is going to die and it doesnt have to, it shouldnt matter how much money you make, he explained. I think thats something thatwhether youre a Republican or a Democrat or something elsewe all agree on that, right?

I saw a lot of families there, and no parent should ever have to decide if they can afford to save their childs life, he added. It just shouldnt happen. Not here.

Read more: https://www.dailydot.com/upstream/jimmy-kimmel-son-birth-health-scare/

Our twins were born two years apart

Although my children were conceived through IVF at the same time, the embryo that became my son was frozen for two years before being implanted. How will their birth order affect them?

Our son and daughter were conceived at the same time, while we were in the cafe at Ikea Croydon (a convenient place for brunch after an early-morning egg-retrieval operation). But while our fertility clinic implanted our little girl into my womb three days later, our little boy went into their freezer for two years. Now, she is five and he is three, but technically they are fraternal twins.

Felix first started to become aware of his unusual origins when he was about two, when we found some home video footage of his big sister at her first family Christmas. Watching her chuckling in glee while bouncing on Grannys knee, he pointed out our familiar red sofa and his older cousins laughing in the background, then asked: Where was I?

Well, that was before you were born.

But where was I?

Weve always been open about the medical intervention we needed to have our children. So we told him the truth, something along the lines of: When the doctors put tiny Miranda into Mummys tummy to grow into a baby, they put tiny Felix into a special freezer to wait until it was your turn. When that video was taken, you were waiting in the freezer.

We told him how special and amazing that was. And, in the usual way of toddlers presented with special and amazing things, he simply accepted it and asked to watch more videos.

Since that conversation, though, the realisation that he existed in suspended animation for two years while his sister was having fun, with Mum and Dad all to herself, has been a big thing for our little boy to get his head around. Some days, he is full of questions. Was it our freezer? he wants to know. What else was in the freezer with me? We have to explain that, no, he wasnt tucked away among the fertility doctors fish fingers and frozen peas. What did I look like? he asks. I suspect he is imagining some sort of miniature baby-shaped ice cube.

You were just a blob, his dad explains. We find some pictures online to show him. He was frozen five days after conception, as a blastocyst, a ball of 200 or so cells, the inner mass of which would become the embryonic Felix, the outer shell his placenta.

I was a blob! he repeats, sounding excited and reassured. Did I feel cold? Did I have eyes?

Recently, he has wanted to know: How did I get into your tummy? and: How did I get out again? His solemn assessment of the answers to these questions has been priceless. But there is one question he hasnt yet asked: Why me?

Surely, one day he will wonder why his sister was born first and he had to wait. When the question comes, will we tell him the truth? That his irregular and fragmented cells meant he was classified as an inferior-quality pre-embryo? That the pair given the top two gradings (out of the four used in IVF treatment) were placed together in my body first? That if they had grown into twins, instead of one disappearing as the other developed into our daughter, his fate might have been very different?

Cuddling his robust little body, admiring his ceaseless curiosity, helping him enrol Darth Vader into his sisters make-believe school of cuddly cats, it is difficult to imagine the alternatives.

Practically and financially, a third baby wasnt on the cards. Would we have offered him to medical researchers? Donated him to an infertile couple? Would anyone have wanted the runt of our pre-embryonic litter? Would he still be there, frozen expensively in time, like an estimated two million other frosties worldwide?

As much as I am thankful to medical science for enabling us to have our family, I am relieved we didnt have to make such an agonising decision. The alternatives are all the more heart-rending now we know that minuscule ball of cells, just 0.2mm in diameter, as a bouncy, impossibly stubborn, brown-eyed boy who adores superheroes, trumpets and all things yellow.

Every day, I watch him copying his sisters drawings and dancing, joining in her games of princesses and picnics, and wonder how their characters have been shaped by a very 21st-century twist of fate. How different would our children be if he had been born first and she had spent two years in the freezer or if they had been identical twins? How will their beginnings affect them as they grow up?

The differences arent just environmental, but biological, too. While IVF babies are generally a little smaller than average at birth, those frozen as pre-embryos tend to be heavier. Our family bears this out.

Despite being classed as inferior on day five of their existence, our son weighed 2lb (0.9kg) more than our daughter at birth she was just under 7lb, he was just under 9lb. His delivery was easier and he fed better, grew faster and slept for longer. While he was a bump, I worried constantly that this low-grade creature from the freezer couldnt possibly be normal. In fact, he couldnt have been more perfect.

Surprisingly, freezing is associated with better outcomes for babies and their mums than IVF with freshly fertilised eggs. Defrosted embryos have a lower risk of premature birth and perinatal death, as well as the all-important heavier birthweight associated with better academic performance and protection from conditions such as coronary heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

Perhaps it was Miranda, transplanted into a body battered by the surgeries, stresses and hormonal excesses of fertility treatment, who had a tougher time post-conception. But then, as our eldest child, she benefited from our undivided attention for the first two years of her life. Firstborn girls tend to do better educationally and have higher aspirations than their siblings.

It seems the hand that reproductive science has dealt our children may have slight benefits for both of them. (Note to self: remember these for when the Why me? question crops up.)

As for personality, our kids place in the family might not be as character-forming as we might think. In 2015, a major multinational study found no birth-order effects on extraversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness or imagination. Meanwhile, researchers studying 377,000 US teenagers concluded that birth order has an infinitesimally small effect on personality.

I am sure there will be times when they envy one anothers position in the family (is there anyone with a sibling who hasnt occasionally wished they could swap places?), but for now Miranda and Felix seem content in their roles as big sister and little brother. And, if resentment rears its ugly head, I will tell them that the important thing is not who was born first, but that they were born at all.

We chose the name Felix because it means lucky: lucky to have been our sole pre-embryo to make it to the blastocyst stage in vitro; lucky to have survived freezing to -196C and thawing without being damaged by intracellular ice crystals; lucky to have implanted successfully and grown healthily in the womb.

Some evenings, after I kiss him goodnight, he snuggles up to me and says: Tell me the story of how I came in our family. Every time I do, I remind myself that, after so many years of thinking we would never have children, to be wondering about the impact of their birth order is a wonder in itself.


Choosing Childcare by Elyssa Campbell-Barr is published by Cross Publishing, 9.99. To order a copy for 8.49, go to bookshop.theguardian.com or call the Guardian Bookshop on 0330 333 6846

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/apr/29/our-twins-were-born-two-years-apart

News Update: Viagra To Be Tested on Children With Rare High Blood Pressure Condition

Viagra, Pfizer's erectile dysfunction drug, will go before a U.S. review of tests performed in children with a rare form of high blood pressure in the lungs, according to a Bloomberg report.

Advisors to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will meet July 29 to evaluate the drugs effectiveness in treating the condition.

Pfizer shares are up $0.22, or 1.43%, to $15.24.

Triyak Tadasana Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் Triyak Tadasana யோகா
Triyak Tadasana is one of the simple postures which helps in relieving constipation and detoxification of the body. In this pose the body resembles as if a palm tree is swinging due to wind, hence its name.

This pose is extension of Tadasana and has similar effects to that pose plus some additional effects and benefits.

How To Practice Triyak Tadasana?

Stand with feet around 2 to 3 feet apart.
With inhalation take the hands above your head and lock the fingers.
Now with exhalation stretch to your right. Try to bend as much as possible towards your waist.
Stay for around 10 breaths and with inhalation come back to original position.
Now repeat the same towards the left side.
Repeat the entire steps for 5 times.
With exhalation bring the hands down.
Benefits of Triyak Tadasana

It stretches the sides of the waist and reduces the fat from them. This happens especially during the Laghu Shankh Prakshalan when it is done after drinking lukewarm water.
The entire back and the nerves are massaged. The spinal cord is stretched which increases the blood flow in the region.
Intestine is stretched and improves the peristaltic movement and helps in cleaning the intestine and helps in relieving constipation.
Improves the body balance and keeps you mentally alert.

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Paschimottanasana Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் Paschimottanasana யோகா
Sit on the floor with your buttocks supported on a folded blanket and your legs straight in front of you. Press actively through your heels. Rock slightly onto your left buttock, and pull your right sitting bone away from the heel with your right hand. Repeat on the other side. Turn the top thighs in slightly and press them down into the floor. Press through your palms or finger tips on the floor beside your hips and lift the top of the sternum toward the ceiling as the top thighs descend.

Draw the inner groins deep into the pelvis. Inhale, and keeping the front torso long, lean forward from the hip joints, not the waist. Lengthen the tailbone away from the back of your pelvis. If possible take the sides of the feet with your hands, thumbs on the soles, elbows fully extended; if this isn't possible, loop a strap around the foot soles, and hold the strap firmly. Be sure your elbows are straight, not bent.

When you are ready to go further, don't forcefully pull yourself into the forward bend, whether your hands are on the feet or holding the strap. Always lengthen the front torso into the pose, keeping your head raised. If you are holding the feet, bend the elbows out to the sides and lift them away from the floor; if holding the strap, lighten your grip and walk the hands forward, keeping the arms long. The lower belly should touch the thighs first, then the upper belly, then the ribs, and the head last.

With each inhalation, lift and lengthen the front torso just slightly; with each exhalation release a little more fully into the forward bend. In this way the torso oscillates and lengthens almost imperceptibly with the breath. Eventually you may be able to stretch the arms out beyond the feet on the floor.

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Yogic Chart Of Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் யோகா ஒரு யோக விளக்கப்படம்
Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend) increases the blood flow to the brain and calms us.

Stand with the foot 1-feet apart. Look down at your feet and check that they are parallel with one another. Be ready by breathe in deeply.
Exhale slowly, bend forward until the head reaches knees, and holds the leg with arms as per the picture.
Do nothing; be relaxed completely and try to enjoy the pose with a soft breath.
If feel tense or strain, bending the legs a little will reduce the strain considerable.
Stay until convenient; lengthen the time if comfortable, because the body softens when practicing regularly, so gradually it is possible to perform this pose perfectly and effortlessly.
Come out of the pose when feel discomfort.
To come out of the pose by slowly bending the knees and sit in a position with knees bent and the buttocks on the heels.

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Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் யோகா
Yoga therapy is known to cure asthma and not just manage it. In particular, it lessens the allergic reaction in your lungs.

Some benefits of Yoga for Asthma patients are:

You are able to control your breathing much better as breathing very fast is one of the major problems of an asthma patient. Although you are breathing fast, the oxygen is not being absorbed in your body. Practicing slow breathing would not only improve your breathing but also allow you to control it better. You do not breathe quickly even if you are not inhaling enough air.
Asthma patients tend to hold their breath for long in an attempt to get more oxygen out of the air that they have inhaled. This can aggravate the condition as this puts more pressure on your internal organs. You are able to take breathe from the diaphragm which helps you in getting used to taking deep and more relaxed breaths.
The severity of an asthma attack, if and when it happens, can be significantly reduced if you have been practicing Yoga. Although one should never make the mistake of ignoring asthma medication, Yoga can help to calm and de-stress your body and prevent the severe impact of an asthma trigger. Moreover, if you get an asthma attack, the practice of slow breathing would help you survive the complication posed by constricted airways much better.
A functional advantage of yoga is having control over your nervous reflexes. This facilitates you to lessen the excessive movement of the parasympathetic nerves.
Benefits of yoga and its asanas can be varied. They not only help in calming down the stressed muscles in your chest, so that you can breathe more effortlessly but they also discharge the energy blocks. Overturned asanas also deplete mucus from your lungs.
Meditation aids in calming you and complements your mind and your body.
Pranayama also transports numerous benefits. Pranayama brings deeper advantages than the simple involuntary result of exercising the lungs.
Asthma makes the patients hold too much air in the lungs and also breathe quickly. Both these complications put undue pressure on the heart and lungs. In order to control this, you should practice the Bhrastika Pranayama, which is deep breathing but time yourself to 12 or lesser breaths a minute. Including these breathing exercises in your daily life, you would surely lessen the strains on your heart and lungs.

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Bhastrika Pranayam Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் யோகா ல் Bhastrika Pranayam
Bhastrika Pranayam in Yoga is said to be a type of breathing exercise. An individual practicing this pranayam will be filled with energy and power.

Procedure : Sit in a comfortable Asana. Close your eyes. Breathe in through both the nostrils forcefully, till the lungs are full and diaphragm is stretched. Then breathe out forcefully.

Duration : 2 mins atleast. 5 mins max. Benefits : heart, lungs, brain, depression, migraine, paralysis, neural system, aabha

Detailed Procedure: Sit in a comfortable Asana. Close your eyes.Breathe in through both the nostrils forcefully, till the lungs are full and diaphragm is stretched. Then breathe out forcefully also, but see that the abdominal cavity does not blow up due to the air breathed in. Depending upon the capacity and health of an individual, this Pranayama can be done in three variable speeds viz. slow speed, moderate speed and at high speed. Individuals with weak lungs and heart should do this at a slow speed while performing Recak and Puraka A healthy individual and one used to doing it, should do it initially at a slow speed and then gradually increase the speed to moderate and then high. This Pranayama should be done for 5 to 10 minutes.
Special Notes:
Those suffering from high blood pressure or from any heart disease should not do this Pranayama.
While breathing in the abdominal area should not blow up. You have to fill the air in the chest area, i.e. up to diaphragm, so that the part of the chest with its ribs swells.
In summer season, reduce the number of repititions of this Pranayama.
One must do this Pranayama for the duration of three to five minutes every day.
Incase both the nostrils do not open on account of ailments like severe cough or sinus etc., for such persons they should first close the right nostril and do respiration (exhalation as well as inhalation) through the left nostril. Then the left nostril should be closed and respiration should be done by the right nostril. This method of alternate breathing should be continued at the desired speed viz. slow, moderate or fast, till both the nostrils open simultaneously. Then at the end Pranayama should be completed by doing Recak and Pruaka through both Ida and Pingala.
While doing this Pranayama keep both the eyes closed and mentally chant the mantra "OM" throughout the exercise of Pranayama.
Diseases like cold, cough, allergy, asthma, respiratory diseases of all kinds, are cured. Lungs become strong and due to the heart and head getting adequate quantity of pure and fresh air, health is improved.
Diseases of the throat like thyroid, tonsils and other ailments of throat are cured.

* At least 4 vigorous breaths. * At least on release mildly and followed by lengthening relaxing breaths (Ujjayi). * Holding of the breath after these relaxing breaths. (Kumbhaka). * Performing back vigorous breaths after retention of inhalation for a measured period. And calming breaths.

Benefits of Bhastrika Pranayam: * This stimulates the gastric organs or the Jathragni (digestive fire). Increasing appetite. * It dissolves or releases toxins present in the body that are produced from the excess of air, bile and phlegm. * Provides relief in various throat inflammations. * Raises the body temperature thus making the body warm. * Provides relief in disorders of the nose, chest and even helps to eradicate asthma. * Purifies the Nadis. * Extremely useful in oxygen deficiency disorders and muscular dystrophy. * Brings and maintains a proper balance in the three doshas that are present in the body. * Purification of blood and body is freed from toxins or foreign material. * Stabilizes the Prana and produces calmness in mind. * This stabilization of the Prana brings the calmness of the mind helping in the upward journey of Prana from the Muladhara Chakra (Sacral or Coccygeal Plexus) to the Sahashara Chakra (Brain). * Helps to burn fat naturally promoting weight loss. * Curing disease like Obesity and Arthritis.

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Pranayama Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் பிராணயாமா யோகா
Pranayama is an ancient practice concerned with breath control. Research has shown that practicing Pranayama can relieve symptoms of asthma.
[1] It is also beneficial in treating stress related disorders, such as anxiety and depression.
[2] There are a total of six types of Pranayam practice, all of which are detailed here.

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