Poor diet is a factor in one in five deaths, global disease study reveals

Study compiling data from every country finds people are living longer but millions are eating wrong foods for their health

Poor diet is a factor in one in five deaths around the world, according to the most comprehensive study ever carried out on the subject.

Millions of people are eating the wrong sorts of food for good health. Eating a diet that is low in whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds and fish oils and high in salt raises the risk of an early death, according to the huge and ongoing study Global Burden of Disease.

The study, based at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, compiles data from every country in the world and makes informed estimates where there are gaps. Five papers on life expectancy and the causes and risk factors of death and ill health have been published by the Lancet medical journal.

It finds that people are living longer. Life expectancy in 2016 worldwide was 75.3 years for women and 69.8 for men. Japan has the highest life expectancy at 84 years and the Central African Republic has the lowest at just over 50. In the UK, life expectancy for a man born in 2016 is 79, and for a woman 82.9.

Diet is the second highest risk factor for early death after smoking. Other high risks are high blood glucose which can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, high body mass index (BMI) which is a measure of obesity, and high total cholesterol. All of these can be related to eating the wrong foods, although there are also other causes.

causes of death graphic

This is really large, Dr Christopher Murray, IHMEs director, told the Guardian. It is amongst the really big problems in the world. It is a cluster that is getting worse. While obesity gets attention, he was not sure policymakers were as focused on the area of diet and health as they needed to be. That constellation is a really, really big challenge for health and health systems, he said.

The problem is often seen as the spread of western diets, taking over from traditional foods in the developing world. But it is not that simple, says Murray. Take fruit. It has lots of health benefits but only very wealthy people eat a lot of fruit, with some exceptions.

Sugary drinks are harmful to health but eating a lot of red meat, the study finds, is not as big a risk to health as failing to eat whole grains. We need to look really carefully at what are the healthy compounds in diets that provide protection, he said.

undernourishment graphic

Prof John Newton, director of health improvement at Public Health England, said the studies show how quickly diet and obesity-related disease is spreading around the world. I dont think people realise how quickly the focus is shifting towards non-communicable disease [such as cancer, heart disease and stroke] and diseases that come with development, in particular related to poor diet. The numbers are quite shocking in my view, he said.

The UK tracks childhood obesity through the school measurement programme and has brought in measures to try to tackle it. But no country in the world has been able to solve the problem and it is a concern that we really need to think about tackling globally, he said.

Today, 72% of deaths are from non-communicable diseases for which obesity and diet are among the risk factors, with ischaemic heart disease as the leading cause worldwide of early deaths, including in the UK. Lung cancer, stroke, lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder) and Alzheimers are the other main causes in the UK.

The success story is children under five. In 2016, for the first time in modern history, fewer than 5 million children under five died in one year a significant fall compared with 1990, when 11 million died. Increased education for women, less poverty, having fewer children, vaccinations, anti-malaria bed-nets, improved water and sanitation are among the changes in low-income countries that have brought the death rate down, thanks to development aid.

People are living longer but spending more years in ill health. Obesity is one of the major reasons. More than a billion people worldwide are living with mental health and substance misuse disorders. Depression features in the top 10 causes of ill health in all but four countries.

Our findings indicate people are living longer and, over the past decade, we identified substantial progress in driving down death rates from some of the worlds most pernicious diseases and conditions, such as under age-five mortality and malaria, said Murray Yet, despite this progress, we are facing a triad of trouble holding back many nations and communities obesity, conflict, and mental illness, including substance use disorders.

In the UK, the concern is particularly about the increase in ill-health that prevents people from working or having a fulfilling life, said Newton. A man in the UK born in 2016 can expect only 69 years in good health and a woman 71 years.

This is yet another reminder that while were living longer, much of that extra time is spent in ill-health. It underlines the importance of preventing the conditions that keep people out of work and put their long term health in jeopardy, like musculoskeletal problems, poor hearing and mental ill health. Our priority is to help people, including during the crucial early years of life and in middle age, to give them the best chance of a long and healthy later life, he said.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/sep/14/poor-diet-is-a-factor-in-one-in-five-deaths-global-disease-study-reveals

Neoliberalism is creating loneliness. Thats whats wrenching society apart | George Monbiot

Epidemics of mental illness are crushing the minds and bodies of millions. Its time to ask where we are heading and why

What greater indictment of a system could there be than an epidemic of mental illness? Yet plagues of anxiety, stress, depression, social phobia, eating disorders, self-harm and loneliness now strike people down all over the world. The latest, catastrophic figures for childrens mental health in England reflect a global crisis.

There are plenty of secondary reasons for this distress, but it seems to me that the underlying cause is everywhere the same: human beings, the ultrasocial mammals, whose brains are wired to respond to other people, are being peeled apart. Economic and technological change play a major role, but so does ideology. Though our wellbeing is inextricably linked to the lives of others, everywhere we are told that we will prosper through competitive self-interest and extreme individualism.

In Britain, men who have spent their entire lives in quadrangles at school, at college, at the bar, in parliament instruct us to stand on our own two feet. The education system becomes more brutally competitive by the year. Employment is a fight to the near-death with a multitude of other desperate people chasing ever fewer jobs. The modern overseers of the poor ascribe individual blame to economic circumstance. Endless competitions on television feed impossible aspirations as real opportunities contract.

Consumerism fills the social void. But far from curing the disease of isolation, it intensifies social comparison to the point at which, having consumed all else, we start to prey upon ourselves. Social media brings us together and drives us apart, allowing us precisely to quantify our social standing, and to see that other people have more friends and followers than we do.

As Rhiannon Lucy Cosslett has brilliantly documented, girls and young women routinely alter the photos they post to make themselves look smoother and slimmer. Some phones, using their beauty settings, do it for you without asking; now you can become your own thinspiration. Welcome to the post-Hobbesian dystopia: a war of everyone against themselves.

Is it any wonder, in these lonely inner worlds, in which touching has been replaced by retouching, that young women are drowning in mental distress? A recent survey in England suggests that one in four women between 16 and 24 have harmed themselves, and one in eight now suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. Anxiety, depression, phobias or obsessive compulsive disorder affect 26% of women in this age group. This is what a public health crisis looks like.

If social rupture is not treated as seriously as broken limbs, it is because we cannot see it. But neuroscientists can. A series of fascinating papers suggest that social pain and physical pain are processed by the same neural circuits. This might explain why, in many languages, it is hard to describe the impact of breaking social bonds without the words we use to denote physical pain and injury. In both humans and other social mammals, social contact reduces physical pain. This is why we hug our children when they hurt themselves: affection is a powerful analgesic. Opioids relieve both physical agony and the distress of separation. Perhaps this explains the link between social isolation and drug addiction.

Experiments summarised in the journal Physiology & Behaviour last month suggest that, given a choice of physical pain or isolation, social mammals will choose the former. Capuchin monkeys starved of both food and contact for 22 hours will rejoin their companions before eating. Children who experience emotional neglect, according to some findings, suffer worse mental health consequences than children suffering both emotional neglect and physical abuse: hideous as it is, violence involves attention and contact. Self-harm is often used as an attempt to alleviate distress: another indication that physical pain is not as bad as emotional pain. As the prison system knows only too well, one of the most effective forms of torture is solitary confinement.

It is not hard to see what the evolutionary reasons for social pain might be. Survival among social mammals is greatly enhanced when they are strongly bonded with the rest of the pack. It is the isolated and marginalised animals that are most likely to be picked off by predators, or to starve. Just as physical pain protects us from physical injury, emotional pain protects us from social injury. It drives us to reconnect. But many people find this almost impossible.

Its unsurprising that social isolation is strongly associated with depression, suicide, anxiety, insomnia, fear and theperception of threat. Its more surprising to discover the range of physical illnesses it causes or exacerbates. Dementia, high blood pressure, heart disease, strokes, loweredresistance to viruses, even accidents are more common among chronically lonely people. Loneliness has a comparable impact on physical health to smoking 15 cigarettes a day: it appears to raise the risk of early death by 26%. This is partly because it enhances production of the stress hormone cortisol, which suppresses the immune system.

Studies in both animals and humans suggest a reason for comfort eating: isolation reduces impulse control, leading to obesity. As those at the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder are the most likely to suffer from loneliness, might this provide one of the explanations for the strong link between low economic status and obesity?

Anyone can see that something far more important than most of the issues we fret about has gone wrong. So why are we engaging in this world-eating, self-consuming frenzy of environmental destruction and social dislocation, if all it produces is unbearable pain? Should this question not burn the lips of everyone in public life?

There are some wonderful charities doing what they can to fight this tide, some of which I am going to be working with as part of my loneliness project. But for every person they reach, several others are swept past.

This does not require a policy response. It requires something much bigger: the reappraisal of an entire worldview. Of all the fantasies human beings entertain, the idea that we can go it alone is the most absurd and perhaps the most dangerous. We stand together or we fall apart.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/12/neoliberalism-creating-loneliness-wrenching-society-apart

Yoga and Blood Pressure – Cure High,Low BP With Simple Yoga Exercises

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Yoga Regimen For Blood Pressure
| Avneesh Tiwari

Presented By Aditi Govitrikar(Miss World 2000) & Mukul Dev(Actor)

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Triyak Tadasana Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் Triyak Tadasana யோகா
Triyak Tadasana is one of the simple postures which helps in relieving constipation and detoxification of the body. In this pose the body resembles as if a palm tree is swinging due to wind, hence its name.

This pose is extension of Tadasana and has similar effects to that pose plus some additional effects and benefits.

How To Practice Triyak Tadasana?

Stand with feet around 2 to 3 feet apart.
With inhalation take the hands above your head and lock the fingers.
Now with exhalation stretch to your right. Try to bend as much as possible towards your waist.
Stay for around 10 breaths and with inhalation come back to original position.
Now repeat the same towards the left side.
Repeat the entire steps for 5 times.
With exhalation bring the hands down.
Benefits of Triyak Tadasana

It stretches the sides of the waist and reduces the fat from them. This happens especially during the Laghu Shankh Prakshalan when it is done after drinking lukewarm water.
The entire back and the nerves are massaged. The spinal cord is stretched which increases the blood flow in the region.
Intestine is stretched and improves the peristaltic movement and helps in cleaning the intestine and helps in relieving constipation.
Improves the body balance and keeps you mentally alert.

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Paschimottanasana Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் Paschimottanasana யோகா
Sit on the floor with your buttocks supported on a folded blanket and your legs straight in front of you. Press actively through your heels. Rock slightly onto your left buttock, and pull your right sitting bone away from the heel with your right hand. Repeat on the other side. Turn the top thighs in slightly and press them down into the floor. Press through your palms or finger tips on the floor beside your hips and lift the top of the sternum toward the ceiling as the top thighs descend.

Draw the inner groins deep into the pelvis. Inhale, and keeping the front torso long, lean forward from the hip joints, not the waist. Lengthen the tailbone away from the back of your pelvis. If possible take the sides of the feet with your hands, thumbs on the soles, elbows fully extended; if this isn't possible, loop a strap around the foot soles, and hold the strap firmly. Be sure your elbows are straight, not bent.

When you are ready to go further, don't forcefully pull yourself into the forward bend, whether your hands are on the feet or holding the strap. Always lengthen the front torso into the pose, keeping your head raised. If you are holding the feet, bend the elbows out to the sides and lift them away from the floor; if holding the strap, lighten your grip and walk the hands forward, keeping the arms long. The lower belly should touch the thighs first, then the upper belly, then the ribs, and the head last.

With each inhalation, lift and lengthen the front torso just slightly; with each exhalation release a little more fully into the forward bend. In this way the torso oscillates and lengthens almost imperceptibly with the breath. Eventually you may be able to stretch the arms out beyond the feet on the floor.

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Yoga For Blood Pressure – Managing Hypertension and Treatment In Tamil

Reduce high blood pressure with simple yoga techniques as follow –
You are able to control your breathing much better as breathing very fast is one of the major problems of an asthma patient. Although you are breathing fast, the oxygen is not being absorbed in your body. Practicing slow breathing would not only improve your breathing but also allow you to control it better. You do not breathe quickly even if you are not inhaling enough air.
Asthma patients tend to hold their breath for long in an attempt to get more oxygen out of the air that they have inhaled. This can aggravate the condition as this puts more pressure on your internal organs. You are able to take breathe from the diaphragm which helps you in getting used to taking deep and more relaxed breaths.
The severity of an asthma attack, if and when it happens, can be significantly reduced if you have been practicing Yoga. Although one should never make the mistake of ignoring asthma medication, Yoga can help to calm and de-stress your body and prevent the severe impact of an asthma trigger. Moreover, if you get an asthma attack, the practice of slow breathing would help you survive the complication posed by constricted airways much better.
A functional advantage of yoga is having control over your nervous reflexes. This facilitates you to lessen the excessive movement of the parasympathetic nerves.
Benefits of yoga and its asanas can be varied. They not only help in calming down the stressed muscles in your chest, so that you can breathe more effortlessly but they also discharge the energy blocks. Overturned asanas also deplete mucus from your lungs.
Meditation aids in calming you and complements your mind and your body.
Pranayama also transports numerous benefits. Pranayama brings deeper advantages than the simple involuntary result of exercising the lungs.
Asthma makes the patients hold too much air in the lungs and also breathe quickly. Both these complications put undue pressure on the heart and lungs. In order to control this, you should practice the Bhrastika Pranayama, which is deep breathing but time yourself to 12 or lesser breaths a minute. Including these breathing exercises in your daily life, you would surely lessen the strains on your heart and lungs.

Yogic Chart Of Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் யோகா ஒரு யோக விளக்கப்படம்
Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend) increases the blood flow to the brain and calms us.

Stand with the foot 1-feet apart. Look down at your feet and check that they are parallel with one another. Be ready by breathe in deeply.
Exhale slowly, bend forward until the head reaches knees, and holds the leg with arms as per the picture.
Do nothing; be relaxed completely and try to enjoy the pose with a soft breath.
If feel tense or strain, bending the legs a little will reduce the strain considerable.
Stay until convenient; lengthen the time if comfortable, because the body softens when practicing regularly, so gradually it is possible to perform this pose perfectly and effortlessly.
Come out of the pose when feel discomfort.
To come out of the pose by slowly bending the knees and sit in a position with knees bent and the buttocks on the heels.

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Bhastrika Pranayama Yoga For Blood Pressure In Hindi

रक्तचाप के लिए Bhastrika प्राणायाम योग
Bhastrika Pranayama literally means "bellows breath": exhaling quickly and forcefully, making a sound like air expelling from a bellows. Performing Bhastrika Pranayama regularly can provide health benefits, but how is it done and are there any contraindications?"Bellows breathing" is performed in a relaxed sitting position, like Padmasana or Crossed Leg position. Inhale fully, inflating the chest, rather than the abdomen. When the lungs are completely fully, exhale forcefully. The air should make a hissing sound as it escapes. The breathing should be repeated five to ten times, as forcefully and quickly as possible; stop if you start to feel dizzy or faint. When you have finished one "round" of breathing, take a deep inhalation and hold the breath in as long as possible. Exhale when needed and then take several normal breaths; begin another set when you feel comfortable. Five minutes a day is the recommended time period for Bhastrika Pranayama.

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Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் யோகா
Yoga therapy is known to cure asthma and not just manage it. In particular, it lessens the allergic reaction in your lungs.

Some benefits of Yoga for Asthma patients are:

You are able to control your breathing much better as breathing very fast is one of the major problems of an asthma patient. Although you are breathing fast, the oxygen is not being absorbed in your body. Practicing slow breathing would not only improve your breathing but also allow you to control it better. You do not breathe quickly even if you are not inhaling enough air.
Asthma patients tend to hold their breath for long in an attempt to get more oxygen out of the air that they have inhaled. This can aggravate the condition as this puts more pressure on your internal organs. You are able to take breathe from the diaphragm which helps you in getting used to taking deep and more relaxed breaths.
The severity of an asthma attack, if and when it happens, can be significantly reduced if you have been practicing Yoga. Although one should never make the mistake of ignoring asthma medication, Yoga can help to calm and de-stress your body and prevent the severe impact of an asthma trigger. Moreover, if you get an asthma attack, the practice of slow breathing would help you survive the complication posed by constricted airways much better.
A functional advantage of yoga is having control over your nervous reflexes. This facilitates you to lessen the excessive movement of the parasympathetic nerves.
Benefits of yoga and its asanas can be varied. They not only help in calming down the stressed muscles in your chest, so that you can breathe more effortlessly but they also discharge the energy blocks. Overturned asanas also deplete mucus from your lungs.
Meditation aids in calming you and complements your mind and your body.
Pranayama also transports numerous benefits. Pranayama brings deeper advantages than the simple involuntary result of exercising the lungs.
Asthma makes the patients hold too much air in the lungs and also breathe quickly. Both these complications put undue pressure on the heart and lungs. In order to control this, you should practice the Bhrastika Pranayama, which is deep breathing but time yourself to 12 or lesser breaths a minute. Including these breathing exercises in your daily life, you would surely lessen the strains on your heart and lungs.

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Bhastrika Pranayam Yoga For Blood Pressure In Tamil

இரத்த அழுத்தம் யோகா ல் Bhastrika Pranayam
BHASTRIKA PRANAYAM !
Bhastrika Pranayam in Yoga is said to be a type of breathing exercise. An individual practicing this pranayam will be filled with energy and power.

Procedure : Sit in a comfortable Asana. Close your eyes. Breathe in through both the nostrils forcefully, till the lungs are full and diaphragm is stretched. Then breathe out forcefully.

Duration : 2 mins atleast. 5 mins max. Benefits : heart, lungs, brain, depression, migraine, paralysis, neural system, aabha

Detailed Procedure: Sit in a comfortable Asana. Close your eyes.Breathe in through both the nostrils forcefully, till the lungs are full and diaphragm is stretched. Then breathe out forcefully also, but see that the abdominal cavity does not blow up due to the air breathed in. Depending upon the capacity and health of an individual, this Pranayama can be done in three variable speeds viz. slow speed, moderate speed and at high speed. Individuals with weak lungs and heart should do this at a slow speed while performing Recak and Puraka A healthy individual and one used to doing it, should do it initially at a slow speed and then gradually increase the speed to moderate and then high. This Pranayama should be done for 5 to 10 minutes.
Special Notes:
Those suffering from high blood pressure or from any heart disease should not do this Pranayama.
While breathing in the abdominal area should not blow up. You have to fill the air in the chest area, i.e. up to diaphragm, so that the part of the chest with its ribs swells.
In summer season, reduce the number of repititions of this Pranayama.
One must do this Pranayama for the duration of three to five minutes every day.
Incase both the nostrils do not open on account of ailments like severe cough or sinus etc., for such persons they should first close the right nostril and do respiration (exhalation as well as inhalation) through the left nostril. Then the left nostril should be closed and respiration should be done by the right nostril. This method of alternate breathing should be continued at the desired speed viz. slow, moderate or fast, till both the nostrils open simultaneously. Then at the end Pranayama should be completed by doing Recak and Pruaka through both Ida and Pingala.
While doing this Pranayama keep both the eyes closed and mentally chant the mantra "OM" throughout the exercise of Pranayama.
Benefits:
Diseases like cold, cough, allergy, asthma, respiratory diseases of all kinds, are cured. Lungs become strong and due to the heart and head getting adequate quantity of pure and fresh air, health is improved.
Diseases of the throat like thyroid, tonsils and other ailments of throat are cured.

* At least 4 vigorous breaths. * At least on release mildly and followed by lengthening relaxing breaths (Ujjayi). * Holding of the breath after these relaxing breaths. (Kumbhaka). * Performing back vigorous breaths after retention of inhalation for a measured period. And calming breaths.

Benefits of Bhastrika Pranayam: * This stimulates the gastric organs or the Jathragni (digestive fire). Increasing appetite. * It dissolves or releases toxins present in the body that are produced from the excess of air, bile and phlegm. * Provides relief in various throat inflammations. * Raises the body temperature thus making the body warm. * Provides relief in disorders of the nose, chest and even helps to eradicate asthma. * Purifies the Nadis. * Extremely useful in oxygen deficiency disorders and muscular dystrophy. * Brings and maintains a proper balance in the three doshas that are present in the body. * Purification of blood and body is freed from toxins or foreign material. * Stabilizes the Prana and produces calmness in mind. * This stabilization of the Prana brings the calmness of the mind helping in the upward journey of Prana from the Muladhara Chakra (Sacral or Coccygeal Plexus) to the Sahashara Chakra (Brain). * Helps to burn fat naturally promoting weight loss. * Curing disease like Obesity and Arthritis.

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